Rat TNF-α(Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha) ELISA Kit

    • sandwich-Ab-ELISA-Elabscience
    • sandwich-Ab-ELISA-Elabscience
    • sandwich-Ab-ELISA-Elabscience
    • sandwich-Ab-ELISA-Elabscience
    • sandwich-Ab-ELISA-Elabscience
    • sandwich-Ab-ELISA-Elabscience
    • sandwich-Ab-ELISA-Elabscience
    • sandwich-Ab-ELISA-Elabscience
    • sandwich-Ab-ELISA-Elabscience

      Catalog number:E-EL-R0019

      Synonyms:DIF, TNF-alpha, TNFA, TNFSF2

      • 96T
      • 24T
      - +
      Price: $495

      Reactivity: Rat

      Detection Range: 78.13~5000 pg/mL

      Sensitivity: 46.88 pg/mL

      Lead Time: 7~10 daysWelcome to order from local distributors.

      Add to cart Compare Bulk request

      Intended use

      This ELISA kit applies to the in vitro quantitative determination of Rat TNF-α concentrations in serum, plasma and other biological fluids.

      Test principle

      This ELISA kit uses the Sandwich-ELISA principle. The micro ELISA plate provided in this kit has been pre-coated with an antibody specific to Rat TNF-α. Standards or samples are added to the micro ELISA plate wells and combined with the specific antibody. Then a biotinylated detection antibody specific for Rat TNF-α and Avidin-Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) conjugate are added successively to each micro plate well and incubated. Free components are washed away. The substrate solution is added to each well. Only those wells that contain Rat TNF-α, biotinylated detection antibody and Avidin-HRP conjugate will appear blue in color. The enzyme-substrate reaction is terminated by the addition of stop solution and the color turns yellow. The optical density (OD) is measured spectrophotometrically at a wavelength of 450 nm ± 2 nm. The OD value is proportional to the concentration of Rat TNF-α. You can calculate the concentration of Rat TNF-α in the samples by comparing the OD of the samples to the standard curve.

      Assay type Sandwich
      Format 96T
      Assay time 3.5h
      Reactivity Rat
      Detection Method Colormetric
      Detection Range 78.13—5000 pg/mL
      Sensitivity 46.88 pg/mL
      Sample Volume Required Per Well 100μL
      Sample Type Serum, plasma and other biological fluids


      This kit recognizes Rat TNF-α in samples. No significant cross-reactivity or interference between Rat TNF-α and analogues was observed.

      Typical data

      As the OD values of the standard curve may vary according to the conditions of the actual assay performance (e.g. operator, pipetting technique, washing technique or temperature effects), the operator should establish a standard curve for each test. Typical standard curve and data is provided below for reference only.

      O.D Average Corrected
      5000 2.432
      2.432 2.355
      2500 1.761
      1.763 1.686
      1250 0.977
      0.963 0.886
      625 0.539
      0.544 0.467
      312.5 0.314
      0.304 0.227
      156.25 0.189
      0.186 0.109
      78.13 0.13
      0.132 0.055
      0 0.076
      0.077 --


      Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): 3 samples with low, mid range and high level Rat TNF-α were tested 20 times on one plate, respectively.
      Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): 3 samples with low, mid range and high level Rat TNF-α were tested on 3 different plates, 20 replicates in each plate.

      Intra-assay Precision Inter-assay Precision
      Sample 1 2 3 1 2 3
      n 20 20 20 20 20 20
      Mean (pg/mL) 249.60 624.50 2364.40 243.60 673.40 2259.40
      Standard deviation 15.50 34.30 85.10 12.40 39.70 74.60
      C V (%) 6.21 5.49 3.60 5.09 5.90 3.30


      The recovery of Rat TNF-α spiked at three different levels in samples throughout the range of the assay was evaluated in various matrices.

      Sample Type Range (%) Average Recovery (%)
      Serum (n=5) 90-100 95
      EDTA plasma (n=5) 93-108 100
      Cell culture media (n=5) 88-102 95


      Samples were spiked with high concentrations of Rat TNF-α and diluted with Reference Standard & Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the range of the assay.

      Serum (n=5) EDTA plasma (n=5) Cell culture media (n=5)
      1:2 Range (%) 91-105 88-101 91-109
      Average (%) 98 93 99
      1:4 Range (%) 101-113 84-97 95-109
      Average (%) 107 91 102
      1:8 Range (%) 100-117 81-94 94-109
      Average (%) 107 86 101
      1:16 Range (%) 100-112 88-101 94-109
      Average (%) 106 94 101

      Kit components & Storage

      An unopened kit can be stored at 4℃ for 1 month. If the kit is not used within 1 month, store the items separately according to the following conditions once the kit is received.

      Item Specifications Storage
      Micro ELISA Plate(Dismountable) 8 wells ×12 strips -20℃, 6 months
      Reference Standard 2 vials
      Concentrated Biotinylated Detection Ab (100×) 1 vial, 120 μL
      Concentrated HRP Conjugate (100×) 1 vial, 120 μL -20℃(shading light), 6 months
      Reference Standard & Sample Diluent 1 vial, 20 mL 4℃, 6 months
      Biotinylated Detection Ab Diluent 1 vial, 14 mL
      HRP Conjugate Diluent 1 vial, 14 mL
      Concentrated Wash Buffer (25×) 1 vial, 30 mL
      Substrate Reagent 1 vial, 10 mL 4℃(shading light)
      Stop Solution 1 vial, 10 mL 4℃
      Plate Sealer 5 pieces
      Product Description 1 copy
      Certificate of Analysis 1 copy

      Note: All reagent bottle caps must be tightened to prevent evaporation and microbial pollution.
      The volume of reagents in partial shipments is a little more than the volume marked on the label, please use accurate measuring equipment instead of directly pouring into the vial(s).

      Other supplies required

      • Microplate reader with 450 nm wavelength filter
      • High-precision transfer pipette, EP tubes and disposable pipette tips
      • Incubator capable of maintaining 37℃
      • Deionized or distilled water
      • Absorbent paper
      • Loading slot for Wash Buffer

      Assay Procedure

      elisa assay procedure 1

      1.Add 100 μL standard or sample to each well. Incubate for 90 min at 37℃.

      elisa assay procedure 2

      2.Remove the liquid.

      elisa assay procedure 3

      3.Add 100 μL Biotinylated Detection Ab. Incubate for 1 hour at 37℃. Aspirate and wash 3 times.

      elisa assay procedure 4

      4.Add 100 μL HRP Conjugate. Incubate for 30 min at 37℃. Aspirate and wash 5 times.

      elisa assay procedure 5

      5.Add 90 μL of Substrate Reagent. Incubate for 15 min at 37℃.

      elisa assay procedure 6

      6.Add 50 μL Stop Solution.

      elisa assay procedure 7

      7.Read at 450 nm immediately. Calculation of results.


      1. Publication: Ruan Q, Zhao C, Ye Z, et al. Effect And Possible Mechanism Of Monocyte-Derived VEGF On Monocyte-Endothelial Cellular Adhesion After Electrical Burns[J]. Burns, 2014.
        Sample Type: Serum and culture supernatant
      2. Publication: Zúigamuoz A M, Guarner L V, Soriacastro E, et al. 17β Estradiol Modulates Perfusion Pressure And Expression Of 5-LOX And CYP450 4A In The Isolated Kidney Of Metabolic Syndrome Female Rats[J]. International Journal of Endocrinology, 2015.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      3. Publication: Zhang Y, Imam M U, Ismail M, et al. High Fat Diet-Induced Inflammation And Oxidative Stress Are Attenuated By N-Acetylneuraminic Acid In Rats[J]. Journal of Biomedical Science, 2015.
        Sample Type: Serum
      4. Publication: Karamese M, Erol H S, Albayrak M, et al. Anti-Oxidant And Anti-Inflammatory Effects Of Apigenin In A Rat Model Of Sepsis: An Immunological, Biochemical, And Histopathological Study[J]. Immunopharmacology & Immunotoxicology, 2016, 38(3): 228-237.
        Sample Type: Serum
      5. Publication: Bi Q R, Hou J J, Qi P, et al. Venenum Bufonis Induces Rat Neuroinflammation By Activiating NF-κB Pathway And Attenuation Of BDNF[J]. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2016, 186: 103-110.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      6. Publication: Zhang X, Bai J, Wu C L, et al. Candida Glabrata Induced Infection Of Rat Tracheal Epithelial Cells Is Mediated By TLR-2 Induced Activation Of NF-κB[J]. Microbial Pathogenesis, 2016, 91: 115-122.
        Sample Type: Cell lysis
      7. Publication: Min C, Yu Z, Wang L, et al. Tongxinluo Reduces Brain Edema And Inhibits Post-Ischemic Inflammation After Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion In Rats[J]. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2016, 181: 136-145.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      8. Publication: Soto M E, Iturriaga Hernández A V, Guarner L V, et al. Participation Of Oleic Acid In The Formation Of The Aortic Aneurysm Inmarfan Syndrome Patients[J]. Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators, 2016, 123: 46-55.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      9. Publication: Wang T, Cao X B, Chen X W, et al. Influence Of Simvastatin On Dopaminergic Neurons Of Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Rat Model Of Parkinson’s Disease[J]. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 2015, 8(1): 64-67.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      10. Publication: Karamese M, Aydin H, Sengul E, et al. The Immunostimulatory Effect Of Lactic Acid Bacteria In A Rat Model[J]. Iranian Journal of Immunology, 2016, 13(3): 220-228.
        Sample Type: Serum
      11. Publication: Zeng Z, Chen Z, Xu S, et al. Polydatin Alleviates Small Intestine Injury During Hemorrhagic Shock As A Sirt1 Activator[J]. Oxidative Medicine & Cellular Longevity, 2015.
        Sample Type: Serum
      12. Publication: Bircan B, akr M, Krba S, et al. Effect Of Apelin Hormone On Renal Ischemia/Reperfusion Induced Oxidative Damage In Rats[J]. Renal Failure, 2016, 38(7): 1122-1128.
        Sample Type: Serum
      13. Publication: Borgohain M P, Lakhar M, Ahmed S, et al. Small Molecule Inhibiting NF-κB Ameliorates Oxidative Stress And Suppresses Renal Inflammation In Early Stage Of Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Nephropathy In Rat[J]. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, 2016.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      14. Publication: Fettucciari K, Ponsini P, Gioè D, et al. Enteric Glial Cells Are Susceptible To Clostridium Difficile Toxin B[J]. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 2016.
        Sample Type: Culture supernatant
      15. Publication: Li J, Guo W, Xiong M, et al. Effect Of SDF-1/CXCR4 Axis On The Migration Of Transplanted Bone Mesenchymal Stem Cells Mobilized By Erythropoietin Toward Lesion Sites Following Spinal Cord Injury[J]. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 2015, 36(5): 1205-1214.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      16. Publication: Qin J, Ma X, Qi H, et al. Transplantation Of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Alleviates Cerebral Inflammation And Neural Damage In Hemorrhagic Stroke[J]. Plos One, 2015.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      17. Publication: Deng Y, Kang W, Zhao J, et al. Osteoprotective Effect Of Echinocystic Acid, A Triterpone Component From Eclipta Prostrata, In Ovariectomy-Induced Osteoporotic Rats[J]. Plos One, 2015.
        Sample Type: Serum
      18. Publication: Kandil E A, Abdelkader N F, El-Sayeh B M, et al. Imipramine And Amitriptyline Ameliorate The Rotenone Model Of Parkinson's Disease In Rats[J]. Neuroscience, 2016, 332: 26-37.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      19. Publication: Wang J, Hu X, Fu W, et al. IsoproterenolMediated Heme Oxygenase1 Induction Inhibits High Mobility Group Box 1 Protein Release And Protects Against Rat Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury In Vivo[J]. Molecular Medicine Reports, 2014, 9(5): 1863-1868.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      20. Publication: Luo Y, Fu C, Wang Z, et al. Asiaticoside Attenuates The Effects Of Spinal Cord Injury Through Antioxidant And AntiInflammatory Effects, And Inhibition Of The p38MAPK Mechanism[J]. Molecular Medicine Reports, 2015, 12: 8294-8300.
        Sample Type: Serum
      21. Publication: Hang Z, Meng Z, Zhou F, et al. Cinnamaldehyde Ameliorates LPS-Induced Cardiac Dysfunction Via TLR4-NOX4 Pathway: The Regulation Of Autophagy And ROS Production[J]. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, 2016, 101: 11-24.
        Sample Type: Serum
      22. Publication: Zhou Q, Pan X, Wang L, et al. The Protective Role Of Neuregulin-1: A Potential Therapy For Sepsis-Induced Cardiomyopathy[J]. European Journal of Pharmacology, 2016, 788: 234-240.
        Sample Type: Serum
      23. Publication: Yan Q, Li Y, Cheng N, et al. Effect Of Retinoic Acid On The Function Of Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated Bone Marrow Stromal Cells Grown On Titanium Surfaces[J]. Inflammation Research, 2015, 64(1): 63-70.
        Sample Type: Culture supernatant
      24. Publication: Wang J, Yang H, Hu X, et al. Dobutamine-Mediated Heme Oxygenase-1 Induction Via PI3K And p38 MAPK Inhibits High Mobility Group Box 1 Protein Release And Attenuates Rat Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury In Vivo[J]. Journal of Surgical Research, 2013, 183(2): 509-516.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      25. Publication: Zhang Y, Imam M U, Ismail M, et al. Edible Bird’S Nest Attenuates High Fat Diet-Induced Oxidative Stress And Inflammation Via Regulation Of Hepatic Antioxidant And Inflammatory Genes[J]. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2015, 15: 310-316.
        Sample Type: Serum
      26. Publication: Lu W, Kang J, Hu K, et al. Angiotensin-(1-7) Relieved Renal Injury Induced By Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia In Rats By Reducing Inflammation, Oxidative Stress And Fibrosis[J]. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 2017.
        Sample Type: Plasma
      27. Publication: Lu H, Wang B. Sirt1 Exerts Neuroprotective Effects By Attenuating Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion-Induced Injury Via Targeting P53/Microrna-22[J]. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 2017, 39(1): 208-216.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      28. Publication: Liu H, Yang M, Pan L, et al. Hyperbaric Oxygen Intervention Modulates Early Brain Injury After Experimental Subarachnoid Hemorrhage In Rats: Possible Involvement Of TLR4/NF-κB-Mediated Signaling Pathway[J]. Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry, 2016, 38(6): 2323-2336.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      29. Publication: Wu D, Luo N, Wang L, et al. Hydrogen Sulfide Ameliorates Chronic Renal Failure In Rats By Inhibiting Apoptosis And Inflammation Through ROS/MAPK And NF-κB Signaling Pathways[J]. Scientific Reports, 2017.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenates
      30. Publication: Choi R Y, Woo M J, Ham J R, et al. Anti-Steatotic And Anti-Inflammatory Effects Of Hovenia Dulcis Thunb. Extracts In Chronic Alcohol-Fed Rats[J]. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 2017, 90: 393-401.
        Sample Type: Serum
      31. Publication: Sibiya N, Ngubane P, Mabandla M. Cardio-Protective Effects Of Pectin-Insulin Patch In Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats Beneficial Effects Of Insulin Patch[J]. Journal of Diabetes, 2017.
        Sample Type: Tissue and Plasma
      32. Publication: Zhao X, Liu H, Li T, et al. Epigallocatechin Gallate Attenuates Hip Fracture-Induced Acute Lung Injury By Limiting Mitochondrial Dna (Mtdna) Release[J]. Medical Science Monitor, 2017, 23: 3367-3372.
        Sample Type: Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid
      33. Publication: Yeda X, Shaoqing L, Yayi H, et al. Dexmedetomidine Protects Against Renal Ischemia And Reperfusion Injury By Inhibiting The P38-MAPK/TXNIP Signaling Activation In Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rats[J]. Acta Cirurgica Brasileira, 2017, 32(6): 429-439.
        Sample Type: blood
      34. Publication: Yan Z, Wang W, Wu Y, et al. Zinc Oxide Nanoparticle-Induced Atherosclerotic Alterations In Vitro And In Vivo[J]. International Journal of Nanomedicine, 2017, 12: 4433-4442.
        Sample Type: Culture supernatant and Serum
      35. Publication: Kandil E A, Sayed R H, Ahmed L A, et al. Modulatory Role Of Nurr1 Activation And Thrombin Inhibition In The Neuroprotective Effects Of Dabigatran Etexilate In Rotenone-Induced Parkinson’S Disease In Rats[J]. Molecular Neurobiology, 2017.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenate
      36. Publication: Sun Z, Liu Y, Xu D, et al. MeCP2 Regulates PTCH1 Expression Through DNA Methylation In Rheumatoid Arthritis[J]. Inflammation, 2017.
        Sample Type: Culture supernatant
      37. Publication: Xun C, Mamat M, Guo H, et al. Tocotrienol Alleviates Inflammation And Oxidative Stress In A Rat Model Of Spinal Cord Injury Via Suppression Of Transforming Growth Factor-β[J]. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 2017, 14(1): 431-438.
        Sample Type: Serum
      38. Publication: Zhao J L, Zhao M H, Yu C H, et al. Multifunctional Folate Receptor-targeting And pH-responsive Nanocarriers Loaded With Methotrexate For Treatment Of Rheumatoid Arthritis[J]. International Journal of Nanomedicine, 2017, 12: 6735-6746.
        Sample Type: Serum
      39. Publication: Liu Y R, Yan X, Yu H X, et al. NLRC5 Promotes Cell Proliferation Via Regulating The NF-κB Signaling Pathway In Rheumatoid Arthritis[J]. Molecular Immunology, 2017, 91: 24-34.
        Sample Type: Tissue, cell lysis and Serum
      40. Publication: Osman W, Nurfarahin W, Lau S F, et al. Scopoletin-standardized Morinda Elliptica Leaf Extract Suppressed Inflammation And Cartilage Degradation To Alleviate Osteoarthritis: A preclinical Study[J]. Phytotherapy Research, 2017.
        Sample Type: Serum
      41. Publication: Wang X D, Lai R D, Su X F, et al. Edaravone Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide-induced Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Associated Early Pulmonary Fibrosis Via Inhibition Of Oxidative Stress And Transforming Growth Factor-β1/Smad3 Signaling[J]. Biochemical And Biophysical Research Communications, 2017.
        Sample Type: Serum
      42. Publication: Xie J C, Liu B L, Chen J L, et al. Umbilical Cord-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Alleviated Inflammation And Inhibited Apoptosis In Interstitial Cystitis Via AKT/mTOR Signaling Pathway[J]. Biochemical And Biophysical Research Communications, 2017.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenate
      43. Publication: Meng L, Li L Y, Lu S, et al. The Protective Effect Of Dexmedetomidine On LPS-Induced Acute Lung Injury Through The HMGB1-Mediated TLR4/NF-κB And PI3K/Akt/mTOR Pathways[J]. Molecular Immunology, 2018, 94: 7-17.
        Sample Type: Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, Serum, Tissue homoge
      44. Publication: Qian C, Kuang M, Wang Y. Effect Of Qianghuo Erhuang Decoction On T Regulatory And T Helper 17 Cells In Treatment Of Adjuvant-Induced Arthritis In Rats[J]. Scientific reports, 2017.
        Sample Type: Serum
      45. Publication: Duan N, Hou A J, Luan B, et al. Gambogic Acid Exerts Cardioprotective Effects In A Rat Model Of Acute Myocardial Infarction Through Inhibition Of Inflammation, iNOS And NFκB/p38 Pathway[J]. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 2018, 15: 1742-1748.
        Sample Type: Serum
      46. Publication: Liu L, Chen S B, Xu X Y, et al. Astragalus Polysaccharides Combined With Ibuprofen Exhibit A Therapeutic Effect On Septic Rats Via An Anti-Inflammatory Cholinergic Pathway[J]. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 2017, 14: 3127-3130.
        Sample Type: Plasma
      47. Publication: Mi H, Dong Y, Zhang B, et al. Bifidobacterium Infantis Ameliorates Chemotherapy-Induced Intestinal Mucositis Via Regulating T Cell Immunity In Colorectal Cancer Rats[J]. Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry, 2017, 42(6): 2330-2341.
        Sample Type: Serum
      48. Publication: Wang J C, Hu X R, Fu W W, et al. IsoproterenolMediated Heme Oxygenase1 Induction Inhibits High Mobility Group Box 1 Protein Release And Protects Against Rat Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury In Vivo[J]. Molecular Medicine Reports, 2014, 9: 1863-1868.
        Sample Type: Tissue homogenate
      49. Publication: Yida Z, Imam M U, Ismail M, et al. Edible Bird’S Nest Attenuates High Fat Diet-Induced Oxidative Stress And Inflammation Via Regulation Of Hepatic Antioxidant And Inflammatory Genes[J]. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2015.
        Sample Type: Serum
      50. Publication: Pan L, Yao D C,Yu Y Z, et al. Necrostatin-1 Protects Against Oleic Acid-Induced Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome In Rats[J]. Biochemical And Biophysical Research Communications, 2016,478(4): 1602-1608.
        Sample Type: Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid
      51. Publication: Huang Y Y, Xiao Y D, Wang H X, et al. Toll-Like Receptor 7 Involves The Injury In Acute Kidney Ischemia/Reperfusion Of STZ-Induced Diabetic Rats[J]. Acta Cirurgica Brasileira, 2016, 31(7): 448-455.
        Sample Type: Serum
      52. Publication: Yang J, Zeng P, Yang J, et al. MicroRNA-24 regulates vascular remodeling via inhibiting PDGF-BB pathway in diabetic rat model[J]. Gene, 2018, 659: 67-76.
      53. Publication: Kamel A S, Abdelkader N F, El-Rahman S S A, et al. Stimulation of ACE2/ANG (1–7)/Mas Axis by Diminazene Ameliorates Alzheimer’s Disease in the D-Galactose-Ovariectomized Rat Model: Role of PI3K/Akt Pathway[J]. Molecular Neurobiology, 2018: 1-15.
      54. Publication: Gelen V, engül E, Yldrm S, et al. The Protective Effects Of Naringin Against 5-Fluorouracil-Induced Hepatotoxicity And Nephrotoxicity In Rats[J]. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 2018, 21(4): 404-410.
      55. Publication: Tu S, Xiao F, Min X Y, et al. Catechin Attenuates Coronary Heart Disease In A Rat Model By Inhibiting Inflammation[J]. Cardiovascular Toxicology, 2018: 1-7.
      56. Publication: ALTEN B. The Effects of the Gsk-3 Inhbtor Tdzd-8 on Bpolar-Lke Behavoral Phenotype Induced by Hgh Fructose Corn Syrup Consumpton in Adolescent Rats[J]. 2018.
        Sample Type: Hippocampal tissue
      57. Publication: Zhao J, Zhang X, Sun X, et al. Dual-functional lipid polymeric hybrid pH-responsive nanoparticles decorated with cell penetrating peptide and folate for therapy against rheumatoid arthritis[J]. European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, 2018, 130: 39-47.
        Sample Type: Plasma
      58. Publication: Nkpaa K W, Onyeso G I. Rutin Attenuates Neurobehavioral Deficits, Oxidative Stress, Neuro-Inflammation and Apoptosis in Fluoride Treated Rats[J]. Neuroscience Letters, 2018.
        Sample Type: Tissue
      59. Publication: He W, Ye S, Zeng C, et al. Hypothermic oxygenated perfusion (HOPE) attenuates ischemia/reperfusion injury in the liver through inhibition of the TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway in a rat model of donation after cardiac death[J]. The FASEB Journal, 2018: fj. 201800028RR.
        Sample Type: liver tissue
      60. Publication: Qin C, Gu J, Fan J X, et al. Epigallocatechin gallate attenuates mitochondrial DNA-induced inflammatory damage in the development of ventilator-induced lung injury[J]. Phytomedicine, 2018.
        Sample Type: Lungs tissue
      61. Publication: Liu J, Guo L, Zhang K, et al. The probable roles of valsartan in alleviating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease following co-exposure to cold stress and fine particulate matter[J]. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 2018, 60: 230-236.
        Sample Type: Lung Tissue
        Sample Type: Serum
      63. Publication: Fan T, Yang S, Huang Z, et al. Autophagy Decreases Alveolar Epithelial Cell Injury by Suppressing the NF-κB Signaling Pathway and Regulating the Release of Inflammatory Mediators[J]. bioRxiv, 2018: 328039.
        Sample Type: Lungs tissue
      64. Publication: Dang Y, Li Z, Wei Q, et al. Protective Effect of Apigenin on Acrylonitrile-Induced Inflammation and Apoptosis in Testicular Cells via the NF-κB Pathway in Rats[J]. Inflammation, 2018: 1-12.
        Sample Type: Plasma
      65. Publication: K. Zhang et al. COPD rat model is more susceptible to cold stress and PM2.5 exposure and the underlying mechanism [J]. Environmental Pollution 241 (2018) 26-34.
        Sample Type: Lung tissue homogenate
      66. Publication: Peng Zeng, Yan Shi, Xiao-Ming Wang, Li Lin, Yan-Jun Du, Na Tang, Qun Wang, Ying-Yan Fang, Jian-Zhi Wang, Xin-Wen Zhou, Youming Lu, Qing Tian; Emodin Rescued Hyperhomocysteinemia-Induced Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease-Like Features in Rats, International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, pyy090.
        Sample Type: Serum, tissue homogenate
      67. Publication: Yu Z , Hongmiao X , Liang Z , et al. SB203580 attenuates acute lung injury and inflammation in rats with acute pancreatitis in pregnancy[J]. Inflammopharmacology, 2018.
        Sample Type: Serum
      68. Publication: Hong Y P , Deng W H , Guo W Y , et al. Inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress by 4-phenylbutyric acid prevents vital organ injury in rat acute pancreatitis[J]. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol, 2018, 315: G838-G847.
        Sample Type: Serum
      69. Publication: Lu H , Yao H , Zou R , et al. Galangin Suppresses Renal Inflammation via the Inhibition of NF-κB, PI3K/AKT and NLRP3 in Uric Acid Treated NRK-52E Tubular Epithelial Cells[J]. BioMed Research International, 2019.
        Sample Type: Cell supernatant
      Show AllShorten
      • Show all (0)
      • Reviews (0)
      • Q&A (0)
      ... Show All Show Less
      MSDS for ELISA

      Browsing History

        People Also Bought