Superoxide Dismutase (T-SOD) Colorimetric Assay Kit (WST-1 method)

    • Biochemical Assay Kit-Elabscience
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    • Biochemical Assay Kit-Elabscience
    • Biochemical Assay Kit-Elabscience

      Catalog number:E-BC-K020-M

      Size:
      • 48T
      • 96T
      Qty:
      - +
      Price: $180

      Detection method: Colorimetric method

      Detection instrument: Microplate reader

      Valid period: 6 months

      Lead Time: 7~10 daysWelcome to order from local distributors.

      Add to cart Compare Bulk request Manual

      Application

      The kit is used for the determination of SOD in serum, plasma, cerebrospinal fluid, pleural effusion, ascites, renal dialysis fluid, urine, semen, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, myocardial cells, tumor cells and a variety of plant and animal tissues and cells, subcellular level (mitochondria and microsome) can be tested by this kit.

       

      Detection significance

      Superoxide dismutase is an enzyme that alternately catalyzes the dismutation (or partitioning) of the superoxide (O2-) radical into either ordinary molecular oxygen (O2) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Superoxide is produced as a by-product of oxygen metabolism and, if not regulated, causes many types of cell damage. Hydrogen peroxide is also damaging and is degraded by other enzymes such as catalase. Thus, SOD is an important antioxidant defense in nearly all living cells exposed to oxygen. One exception is Lactobacillus plantarum and related lactobacilli, which use a different mechanism to prevent damage from reactive (O2-).

       

      Detection principle

      The activity of SOD was measured by WST-1 method in this kit and the principles of the WST-1 method refer to Fig.1. Xanthine Oxidase (XO) can catalyze WST-1 react with O2.- to generate a water-soluble formazan dye. SOD can catalyze the disproportionation of superoxide anions, so the reaction can be inhibited by SOD, and the activity of SOD is negatively correlated with the amount of formazan dye. Therefore, the activity of SOD can be determined by the colorimetric analysis of WST-1 products.

                                                          

                                                                                                            Fig. 1


      Experimental instrument

      96-well microplate, Micropipette, Multichannel pipettor, Vortex mixer, Centrifuge, Microplate reader (450 nm)

       

      Operation procedures

      1. Serum/plasma:

      (1) Observe the serum/plasma samples, centrifuge for 10 min at 2000 g if it’s muddy. Collect the supernatant and carry out the assay immediately.

      (2) The supernatant is diluted into difference concentration with normal saline, then take the pre-experiment.

      2. Tissue:

      10 % tissue homogenate: It is recommended to get detailed references from other literatures before assay aiming at different tissue types. Mince the tissues to small pieces, then be weighed and homogenized in normal saline on ice, the volume of normal saline (mL): the weight of the tissue (g) =9:1. The tissue homogenate is centrifuged for 10 min at 1500 g. Collect the supernatant and carry out the assay immediately. The supernatant is diluted into difference concentration with PBS, then take the pre-experiment. Meanwhile, determine the protein concentration of supernatant (E-BC-K318, E-BC-K168, E-BC-K165).

      Note: The supernatant must be clarification, the rotational speed and time can be increased appropriately.

      3. Cells:

      (1) Adherent cells should be detached with trypsin or a cell scraper and then collected sedimentary cells by centrifugation. (Suspension cells can be collected sediment by centrifugation directly). Centrifuge for 10 min at 1000 g, discard supernatant.

      (2) Resuspend adherent cells in 1 mL cold PBS, centrifuge for 10 min at 1000 g, discard supernatant.

      (3) Resuspend cells in PBS (1×) or normal saline. Sonicate or grind with hand-operated in ice water bath to break the cells. (or Freeze cells at ≤ -20℃. Thaw cells with gentle mixing. Repeat the freeze/thaw cycle for 3 times.)

      (4) The cell homogenate is centrifuged at 1500 g for 10 min. Collect the supernatant and preserve it on ice for detection. Meanwhile, determine the protein concentration of supernatant (E-BC-K318, E-BC-K168, E-BC-K165).


      Operation steps

      1. Control well: add 20 μL of double distilled water and 20 μL of enzyme working solution.

      Blankcontrol well: add 20 μL of double distilled water and 20 μL of enzyme diluent.

      Sample well: add 20 μL of Sample and 20 μL of enzyme working solution.  

      BlankSample well: add 20 μL of Sample and 20 μL of enzyme diluent.

      2. Add 200 μL of substrate application solution with a multi-channel pipettor into each well and mix fully.

      3. Incubate at 37 for 20 min. Measure the OD values of each well with Microplate Reader.


      Note: The following operating table could be as a reference.


       

      Control well

      BlankControl well

      Sample well

      BlankSample well

      Sample (μL)

       

       

      20

      20

      ddH2O (μL)

      20

      20

       

       

      Enzyme working solution (μL)

      20

       

      20

       

      Enzyme diluent (μL)

       

      20

       

      20

      Substrate application solution (μL)

      200

      200

      200

      200

      Mix fully and incubate at 37 for 20 min. Measure the OD values of each well with Microplate Reader.

      [Notices]:Control, BlankControl only need 1-2 wells for each experiment.


             Note

      1. In order to reduce errors in different well, please use multiple-channel pipettes to add substrate application solution.

      2. It is recommended to take a 96 wells microplate and a multi-channel pipettor for operation to reduce errors between wells, mix fully to ensure the samples fully contact with reagents.

      3. The SOD inhibition ratio can arrive 100%.

      4. Before the formal experiment, it needs to choose one or two samples for diluting a series of diluent and determine the dilution factor when the SOD inhibition ratio is 40%~60%.


      Technical parameters

      1. The sensitivity of the kit is 0.2 U/mL.

      2. The detection range of the kit is 0.2 -14.4 U/mL

      3. The intra-assay CV is 2.9 % and the inter-assay CV is 3.7%.

      4. The recovery of the kit is 97 %.

       

      Notes

      1. This kit is for research use only.

      2. Please progress strictly with operation procedures.

      3. The validity of kit is 6 months.

      4. Do not use components from different batches of kit.


      • Show all (3)
      • Reviews (3)
      • Q&A (0)

      Verified Customer

      l**pSubmitted [ Jun 06 2019 ]

      • Application:Biochemical
      • Description:This kit has few sampling procedures, convenient operation, reasonable detection time, and the experimental results are clear and accurate, but the inhibition rate of this kit is difficult to grasp. When the dilution multiple of some samples reaches, the other part is on the high side or on the low side. If there are ways to improve or replace in this respect, the kit will be perfect.
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      Verified Customer

      s***rSubmitted [ May 31 2019 ]

      • Application:Biochemical
      • Description:The sample I tested was mouse serum,reference dilution given according to instructions, the kit need very little sample volume,besides, SOD kit easy to use and high sensitivity
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      Verified Customer

      M***ySubmitted [ May 31 2019 ]

      • Application:Biochemical
      • Description:The sample needs to be pre-tested, but the instructions provide dilutions range of the different sample. In general, the kit performs well
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